Note that this reference documentation is identical to the help that is displayed in MATLAB when you type “help ft_prepare_leadfield”.

  FT_PREPARE_LEADFIELD computes the forward model for many dipole locations
  on a regular 2D or 3D grid and stores it for efficient inverse modelling
  Use as
    [grid] = ft_prepare_leadfield(cfg, data);
  It is neccessary to input the data on which you want to perform the
  inverse computations, since that data generally contain the gradiometer
  information and information about the channels that should be included in
  the forward model computation. The data structure can be either obtained
  all channels will be included in the forward model.
  The configuration should contain            = Nx1 cell-array with selection of channels (default = 'all'),
                             see FT_CHANNELSELECTION for details
  The positions of the sources can be specified as a regular 3-D
  grid that is aligned with the axes of the head coordinate system
    cfg.grid.xgrid      = vector (e.g. -20:1:20) or 'auto' (default = 'auto')
    cfg.grid.ygrid      = vector (e.g. -20:1:20) or 'auto' (default = 'auto')
    cfg.grid.zgrid      = vector (e.g.   0:1:20) or 'auto' (default = 'auto')
    cfg.grid.resolution = number (e.g. 1 cm) for automatic grid generation
  Alternatively the position of a few sources at locations of interest can
  be specified, for example obtained from an anatomical or functional MRI
    cfg.grid.pos        = N*3 matrix with position of each source
    cfg.grid.inside     = N*1 vector with boolean value whether grid point is inside brain (optional)
    cfg.grid.dim        = [Nx Ny Nz] vector with dimensions in case of 3-D grid (optional)
  The volume conduction model of the head should be specified as
    cfg.headmodel     = structure with volume conduction model, see FT_PREPARE_HEADMODEL
  The EEG or MEG sensor positions can be present in the data or can be specified as
    cfg.elec          = structure with electrode positions, see FT_DATATYPE_SENS
    cfg.grad          = structure with gradiometer definition, see FT_DATATYPE_SENS
    cfg.elecfile      = name of file containing the electrode positions, see FT_READ_SENS
    cfg.gradfile      = name of file containing the gradiometer definition, see FT_READ_SENS
  Optionally, you can modify the leadfields by reducing the rank (i.e.
  remove the weakest orientation), or by normalizing each column.
    cfg.reducerank      = 'no', or number (default = 3 for EEG, 2 for MEG)
    cfg.normalize       = 'yes' or 'no' (default = 'no')
    cfg.normalizeparam  = depth normalization parameter (default = 0.5)
    cfg.backproject     = 'yes' or 'no' (default = 'yes') determines when reducerank is applied
                          whether the lower rank leadfield is projected back onto the original
                          linear subspace, or not.
  To facilitate data-handling and distributed computing you can use
    cfg.inputfile   =  ...
  If you specify this option the input data will be read from a *.mat
  file on disk. This mat files should contain only a single variable named 'data',
  corresponding to the input structure.